From JNS.org, 16 Aug 2016:
Israel, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates started participating in joint aerial military exercises with the US Air Force in Nevada on Monday.
Israel Air Force jets.
Photo: Israel Defense Forces
While Pakistan and the UAE are both US allies, Israel does not have formal relations with either Muslim country. Nevertheless, clandestine contacts between Israel, Pakistan and the UAE — as well as other Sunni Muslim countries — have surfaced in recent years, due to a shared concern over Iran.
During a Red Flag drill, described by Israeli officials as a unique, high-quality exercise, pilots at the Nellis Air Force base are being divided into teams to simulate dog fights and other advanced aerial-combat situations.
The Israel Air Force trains regularly at home and abroad to maintain operational readiness. The Red Flag exercise will continue until Aug. 26.